Goat

Take a Goldilocks Approach to Goat Mineral Intake

Wellness : Nutrition

Wellness : Health

Clay Elliott, Ph.D.

Companion Animal Nutritionist, Technical Solutions

Just like Goldilocks, an important part of a successful goat mineral program is balance. Too little intake, and your goats won’t get the nutrients they need. Too much, and your cost of mineral fed starts to climb.

If you’re feeding a quality mineral and everything’s balanced as it should, performance can increase with better feed efficiency, fertility enhances from higher kid crops and health outcomes can improve. On the flip side, when a quality mineral isn’t present, conception rates drop, hoof problems pickup and performance can fall.

Get just the right amount of mineral consumption with these tips:

Consistency is key to drive intakes

A pivotal element to any goat mineral program is providing vital nutrients your goats might lack and having it available when they need it. Mineral consumption can fluctuate throughout the year based on forage quality, but there is never a point where goats won’t need mineral. To ensure consistent intake, provide a balanced mineral year-round.

Feeding mineral year-round is cost-saving because goats don’t have to play catch up. Every time the mineral feeder is empty, they’re trying to balance themselves. But when there is mineral already present, they won’t need to catch up.

A weatherized mineral can also further enhance mineral consumption.

Utilizing a weatherized mineral with larger particle sizes benefits consumption because the mineral won’t clump up when wet or blow away.

Look for balanced nutrients

Quality minerals for goats balance nutrients like calcium, cobalt, phosphorus, iodine, manganese, selenium and zinc. They all have a role in optimizing and maintaining performance.

Calcium is especially important for goats because having it at a high enough rate limits the risk of hypocalcemia and improves reproduction.

Additionally, it is crucial to have a mineral mix formulated specifically for sheep or goats because copper is toxic to sheep if fed at the requirements needed for goats

Salt on its own won’t cut it

Goats need salt. However, offering salt as the only mineral available to your herd won’t meet all their needs.
It’s not uncommon in some pastures to see goats only receiving a salt block. That won’t get the job done when you want to push for higher weaning rates and breeding percentages.

When salt is fed at too high of a level, goats can become dehydrated or even stop grazing as actively. Rather than feeding a salt block or on its own from a bag, feed salt in a balanced mineral fortified with trace minerals and vitamins to meet your herd’s total nutrient requirements. And as a bonus, if you feed a quality mineral, like Purina® Goat Mineral, there is no need for additional salt.

Mineral site considerations

Mineral has additional advantages outside of providing nutrition to goats. When placed strategically in a pasture, mineral can optimize how goats graze.

Move mineral sites throughout the pasture during the grazing season to help the herd move to underutilized areas of forage. Use your best judgment when moving mineral sites to get the optimum consumption of mineral and forages.

One important thing to remember is you don’t want mineral consumption to fall too low. If you move mineral sites too far from heavily trafficked areas like shade or water, consumption can fall.

Getting your goat mineral program just right through year-round availability, balanced ingredients and consistent intake will go a long way to helping your herd perform.

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